The Moors Murders were committed around the Manchester area, England, between 1963 and 1965 by Ian Brady and Myra Hindley. The Moors Murders are named as such because four of the victims were buried on Saddleworth Moor near Oldham, Lancashire.
Brady and Hindley's Relationship
Brady and Hindley began their relationship in 1961 while working at Millwards, a chemical factory in Manchester. By virtually all accounts, Hindley was an eager participant in Brady's nefarious activities. She changed her look to match that of his ideal woman: high boots and mini skirts – even dirndls, a word Hindley could never pronounce. She bleached her hair and the whole ensemble was created so that she would appear more German. Brady also urged Hindley to join a shooting club and get a gun licence so they could rob banks. All this was leading up to their spree of infanticide in the Manchester area.
Their first victim was 16-year-old Pauline Reade, a neighbour of Hindley's, who disappeared on her way to a social club in the Crumpsall district on 12 July, 1963. She got into a car with Hindley while Brady secretly followed behind on his motorbike.
When the van reached Saddleworth Moor, Hindley stopped the van and got out before asking Pauline to help her find a missing glove. They were busy "searching" the moors when Brady pounced upon Pauline and smashed her skull with a shovel. He then subjected her to a savage rape before slitting her throat with a knife, her spinal cord was severed and she was almost decapitated. Brady then buried her body, and it would not be discovered for more than 20 years.
On November 23, 1963, Brady and Hindley struck again. This time the victim was 12-year-old John Kilbride. Like many children, he had been warned not to go away with strange men but not about strange women. He was approached by Brady and Hindley at a market in Ashton under Lyne, and accepted when Myra offered him a lift because it was getting dark. Once in the car, Myra offered John some sherry if he would help them look for a lost glove on Saddleworht Moor. The little boy eagerly agreed.
When they reached the moors, Brady took the child with him while Hindley waited in the car. On the moor, Brady pounced on the boy. He beat John Kilbride, tied him and spanked him, before raping the terrified child. He then attempted to slit his neck with a knife with a six inch serrated blade, but it didn't work, so Brady strangled the crying child to death with a piece of string, and buried his body in a shallow grave. His body was found on 21st October 1965. The body was clothed, but the jeans and underpants that he had been wearing were pulled down, and the underpants were knotted at the back, just below the thighs. There was a shoe missing, lost in the boy's desperate struggle for life. Hindley later told police that Brady had found the shoe after burying the boy, and had burnt it in their home in Hattersley, Manchester.
The third victim was 12-year-old Keith Bennett who vanished on his way to his grandmother's house in Gorton on June 16, 1964 - 4 days after his 12th birthday. The blonde haired, blue eyed boy accepted a lift from Hindley, and she drove to the Moors and asked him to help search for a lost glove. Brady then lured Keith into a ravine, where he tortured and raped the boy. He also took photographs which Hindley destroyed in the days after Brady's arrest, before she herself was taken into custody. Brady then strangled the child to death with a piece of white string, before burying his body. Hindley stood above the ravine and watched the murder. Keith's body has never been found.
Lesley Ann Downey
The fourth victim was 10-year-old Lesley Ann Downey who vanished from an Ancoats fairground on 26 December, 1964 – an icy, cold night. She had been lured back to Brady and Hindley's house on the Hattersley estate to 'help them carry boxes'. Brady and Hindley enticed Lesley into an unheated bedroom – it’s single electrical point in full use, first the tape recorder, then the photoflood lights. Once in the bedroom, they forced Lesley to strip naked except for shoes and ankle socks, before subjecting her to torture and rape. Hindley later described to Peter Topping, the police officer who re-opened the investigation in the 1980's, having seen blood on Lesley's legs, showing that the child had been raped. They tape-recorded Lesley's screams as she was abused, and took 9 pornographic photographs of the child tied up, gagged and naked; the last one kneeling in an attitude of prayer.
The sixteen-minute tape contains the voices of Brady and Hindley relentlessly cajoling and threatening the child, who is heard crying, begging, retching, screaming, and pleading to be allowed to return home safe to her mother. When they had had their fun, Brady took a piece of white string, placed it around Lesley's neck, and strangled the terrified child to death. Brady and Hindley then dumped Lesley's naked body in a shallow grave on Saddleworth Moor.
The fifth and final victim was 17-year-old Edward Evans on October 6, 1965, who was lured to Brady and Hindley's house and hacked to death with an axe by Brady. The crime was witnessed by Hindley's 18-year-old brother-in-law David Smith, who had been invited to get involved in the mugging of Evans. Dave Smith walked in on the grim scene of Brady driving an axe into Edward Evans's head. He was then forced to help clean up the murder scene; in fear for his life and whilst still in shock he complied to Myra and Ian's request. After he left the house, Smith returned home, and told his wife Maureen Hindley (Myra's sister) what he had witnessed. They then, armed with a weapon scared that Brady could be waiting for them, called the police from a phone box, bringing an end to the duo's murderous spree.
Arrest and imprisonment
The house was raided soon afterwards. Brady was immediately arrested and charged with the murder of Edward Evans. During questioning he admitted to the murder but lied that David Smith had joined in. Hindley was only arrested several days later, when police found the pair's suitcase full of evidence in a locker at Manchester's Central railway station. Apart from the photographs and tape recording of Lesley's torture, there was also a notebook in which John Kilbride's name was found. Both bodies were soon discovered, and Brady and Hindley were faced with three charges of murder.
On May 6, 1966, at Chester Crown Court, Brady was found guilty of murdering John Kilbride, Lesley Ann Downey, and Edward Evans. Brady received three concurrent terms of life imprisonment (the death penalty had been abolished a year earlier). Hindley was found guilty of murdering Lesley and Edward and given two life sentences, plus seven years for being an accessory to Brady in the murder of John. The trial judge reccommended that both Hindley and Brady should spend a very long time in prison before being considered for parole. He condemned Brady was 'wicked beyond belief' and felt that there was no reasonable possibility of him ever reforming, although he did not think that the same was true of Hindley once she was removed from Brady's influence.
Ian Brady spent nineteen years in a mainstream prison before he was declared insane in 1985 and sent to a mental hospital. He subsequently confessed to two more murders in 1987 and has since made it clear that he never wants to be released from prison.
The trial judge had recommended that his life sentence should mean life, and successive Home Secretaries have agreed with that decision. The only person to make a different judgment was Lord Chief Justice Lane who set a 40-year minimum term in 1982. A House of Lords ruling which stripped the Home Secretary of his power to set tariffs on life sentences could lead to Brady being released in 2006, but Brady insists he never wants to be freed.
While incarcerated since 1985 in the high-security Ashworth Psychiatric Hospital, Brady began a hunger strike in 1999 and was subsequently force fed. Brady took ill and was transported to another hospital for tests. He eventually recovered and was considering suing the hospitals for force-feeding him. In early 2006, prison authorities intercepted a package, addressed to Brady from a female friend, containing 50 paracetamol pills hidden within a hollowed out crime novel.
Brady has also written a controversial book on serial killing titled The Gates of Janus.