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Ašvieniai are divine twins in Lithuanian mythology. They are characterized as a pulling carriage of Saulė (the Sun) through the sky.

To protect their houses, Lithuanians placed žirgeliai or little horses on their rooftops. These Ašvieniai symbols can also be found on beehives, harnesses, bed frames, and other household objects. The twins are associated to Lithuanian Ūsinis and Latvian Ūsiņš (cf. Vedic Ushas), gods of horses.


  • Hamacher, Duane W.. "The Sumerians and Gemini: Sumerian Astronomical Interpretations as Origins of the Divine Horse Twins and Solar Chariots in Indo-European Mythology". p. 7. Archived from the original on 2010-10-31.
  • (Lithuanian) Dundulienė, Pranė (1991). Lietuvių etnologija. Mokslas. p. 50.
  • (Lithuanian) Musteikis, Egidijus (2003-06-09). "Arklys tradicijose". Horse Museum – Branch of A. Baranauskas and A. Vienuolis-Žukauskas Memorial Museum. Archived from the original on 2010-10-31.
  • Leeming, David Adams (2003). From Olympus to Camelot: The World of European Mythology. Oxford University Press. pp. 125–126.