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Aegipan from the Nurenburg Chronicle, 1493

Lybian Aegipans are a mythical tribe of Satyr-like creatures believed to inhabit the Atlas Mountains of North-West Africa.


"Rising from the sea at the middle of the coast [of the Atlantic coast of Aithiopia (Africa)] is a mountain of great height which glows with eternal fires--its Greek name is the Chariot of the Gods; and four days' voyage from it is the cape called the Horn of the West, on the confine of Africa, adjacent to the Western Aethiopes [black Africans]. Some authorities also report hills of moderate height in this region, clad with agreeable shady thickets and belonging to Aegipanes and Satyri (Satyrs)." - Pliny the Elder, Natural History 6. 197 (trans. Rackham) (Roman encyclopedia C1st A.D.)


The African satyrs were probably derived from travelers accounts of monkeys, gorillas and other wild animals.

See also