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In Sumerian and Akkadian (Babylonian and Assyrian) mythology, Gallu (also called galla) or Telal is a great underworld demon.


Role

Gallu demons hauled unfortunate victims off to the underworld. The gallas are one of seven devils (or "the offspring of hell") of Babylonian theology who can be appeased by the sacrifice of a lamb at their altars.

Inana (or Ishtar) is accompanied by galla(s) as she is on a journey to the underworld.


Powers

The following fragment of a conjuration applies to a struggle of two persons combating two bulls, or creatures which are half-men, half-bulls.

Telal, the bull which pierces, the very strong bull, the bull which
passes through dwellings,
(It is) the indomitable Telal, there are seven of them
They obey no commands,
They devastate the country
They know no order,
They watch men.
They devour flesh ; they make blood flow ; they drink blood ;
They injure the images of the gods ;
They are the Telal which multiply hostile lies,
Which feed on blood, which are immovable.


References

  • Tzvi Abusch Babylonian witchcraft literature: case studies, 1987