Xiuhcoatl is a dragon in Aztec mythology and the personification of drought and scorched earth.
Xiuhcoatl, the Fire Serpent has the head of a serpent, short legs finishing in claws and a curved snout. The end of the figure's tail is formed by the conventional Mexican year symbol (xihuitl): a triangle, like the solar ray sign, and two entwined trapezes.
The Fire Serpent is commonly represented in Aztec art in a variety of media, including codices (screenfold books). It is used for example, as a back ornament for Xiuhtecuhtli, the fire god and lord of the year , and Huitzilopochtli, the Aztec patron god..
- It was a ritual object in sacred ceremonies such as the New Fire ceremony, represented in the form of an incense burner with a long handle.
- On the other hand, it was the weapon that Huitzilopochtli used to decapitate Coyolxauhqui at Coatepec hill.
- M. E. Miller and K. Taube, An illustrated dictionary of t (London, Thames and Hudson, 1997)
- E. Pasztory, Aztec art (New York, Abrams, 1983)
- H.B. Nicholson and E. Quiñones Keber, Art of Aztec Mexico, treasures (National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1983)
- C. McEwan, Ancient Mexico in the British (London, The British Museum Press, 1994)